Pro Age Treatments involve the stimulation and regeneration of collagen and
elastin to improve lines,wrinkles and loss of tone. Ageing Skin- Ageing skin can
be the natural accompaniment of advancing years or can be the premature result
of incorrect or insufficient care during youth. Ageing usually begins with the
onset of maturity (beginning around 25 years of age, however the main onset is
approx. 40 years of age).
- Specific changes occur in the external appearance, which are taking
place simultaneously with the internal functioning of the epidermis and
- Skin loses flexibility
- Skin loses elasticity
- Skin becomes thinner developing lines and wrinkles
- Decreased permeability of the skin (which is associated with the
loss of elasticity and impaired cellular nourishment)
- Skin colour usually becomes sallow (due to changes in the
keratinisation process and sluggish circulation)
- Skin becomes drier
- Greater possibility of allergic response in skins, which are
weakened by age and disease.
- The normal physiological changes in the female skin are closely
associated with altered or reduced production of hormones.
- Thinning of tissues
- Loss of collagen fibres (which gives skin its strength and firmness)
- Loss of elasticity- elastin fibres lose their ability to stretch and
relax with underlying muscle activity
EFFECTS OF THE SUN ON YOUR SKIN
- Local Erythema- reddening of the skin due to increased activity of
the blood vessels
- Thickening of the skin- UV has a stimulating effect on the
cell-producing layer of the epidermis, causing thickening of the skin.
This acts as a protection against further irritation of UV light.
- Desquamation- UV accelerates the skins normal shedding process.
Amount of peeling varies with the strength of the erythema.
- Pigmentation- Wavelengths between 2.80-3.30nm, absorbed deep in the
epidermis, initiates a chemical reaction. The amino acid tyrosine is
converted to melanin. This gives the skin a bronzed appearance. The
pigmentation acts as a filter and provides protection against further
dosages of UV light.
- Production of Vitamin D
- Gives a general tonic effect
- Effects of UVA Rays- Penetrate more deeply than UVB rays- cause
destruction of collagen and elastin fibres in the dermis thus
accelerating wrinkles and ageing.
- Effects of UVB Rays- Responsible for main erythema production. Most
damaging, burning rays.
- Effects of UVC Rays- Most of UVC rays produced by the sun are
absorbed by the atmosphere and do not reach the skin. UVC rays are
described as biotic- harmful to living things.
- The skin loses its natural ability to absorb and retain sufficient
water causing superficial dehydration.
- Decline in the cholesterol content of the skin- influences the
amount of sub dermal fat and contributes to a withered look.
- Regeneration of the epidermis is reduced and the skin looks thin.